BASIC ALGEBRA GLOSSARY

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Title Description
Magnitude (Powers of Ten) When we multiply a real number times ten, we increase its magnitude by one.
When we divide a real number by ten, we decrease its magnitude by one.
Very much like place value, "orders of magnitude" refer to powers of ten, where greater place values indicate a greater magnitude.
Conversely, lesser place values indicate a decrease in magnitude.
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Matrix A rectangular array of numbers is often called a Matrix.
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Matrix Addition Matrix Addition applies to matrices of like order, the same size.
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Maxima The plural of maximum.
Maxima are "high spots" on the graph of a function.
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Maximize A process to establish the greatest extent, value, or size possible.
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Maximum A highest value.
A local Maximum is the highest value of a function within some defined neighborhood.
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Measure A noun or verb, Measure implies comparison to an established standard.
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Measurement The result from comparison to an established standard, Measurement may be exact only to an agreed-to precision.
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Median, Data The Median of a set of data is the value in the middle of an ordered or sorted list, with just as many values higher than the Median as lower than the Median.
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Midpoint Every line segment (or side of a polygon) contains a point equidistant from the endpoints (or vertices), the Midpoint.
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Midpoint Formula A simple recipe for finding the Midpoint of a line segment in Cartesian or rectangular coordinates.
Add the x-coordinates of the endpoints of the line segment and divide by two for the x-coordinate of the midpoint.
The y-value follows similarly.
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Minima The plural of minimum.
Minima are low points on the graph of a function.
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Minimize A process to establish the least extent, value, or size possible.
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Minimum A low point or least value in the neighborhood of the graph of a function is a Minimum, the singular of minima.
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Minute, Time One-sixtieth of an hour comprises one Minute of time.
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Mixed Number We may write an "improper" fraction as a whole number followed immediately with a "proper" fraction.
Such a form is termed a Mixed Fraction.
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Mode While Mode can take on several meanings in mathematics, it generally is used for the value of data with the greatest frequency of occurrence in a list of values.
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Monomial A single term.
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Mu The twelfth letter of the Greek alphabet, Mu is used for both the mean and median in a normal distribution.
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Multiplication You know, times.
The operation to simplify addition of identical values.
You should learn your Times Tables, the basic facts of Multiplication.
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Multiplicative Inverse Another name for Multiplicative Inverse is reciprocal.
Reciprocals multiply to one.
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